L.L.B. or Bachelor of Legislative Law is a law course at the undergraduate level and is offered by various Indian universities.
There are two options to pursue an LLB course
Law Course after 12th
The Law course at the undergraduate level is a 5-year integrated course. For students who have passed class 12th and are keen to take up Law as a career, they can straightaway pursue the 5-year Integrated Law program i.e. BA/BBA LLB.
Law Course after Graduation
For those who are not sure of their inclination in this field can pursue graduation in any other field like BCom or BBA and then go for the 3-year Law course. This route will take 1 year extra (3 +3) in the completion of the Law Course.
Most Law Institutes accept students into their 5-year integrated program based on the scores of various entrance exams. Below are few of the top undergraduate entrance examinations for Law:
- Common Law Admission Test (CLAT): It is a two-hour, paper-based-standardized test for admission to 22 prestigious National Law Universities in India. It covers objective-type questions covering subjects such as Elementary Mathematics, English, General knowledge, Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, and Logical Reasoning.
- All India Law Entrance Test (AILET): This test is conducted by National Law University (Delhi) for admission to its integrated BA. L.L.B (Hons.) It includes sections like English, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Reasoning, and Numerical Ability.
- Law School Admission Test (LSAT): It is a standardized test of 3 hours 30 minutes. It assesses a student’s Reading Comprehension, Logical and Analytical Reasoning. The LSAT score is accepted by Jindal Global Law School, Alliance School of Law, Faculty of Law (SRM University), Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law (IIT Kharagpur), amongst others.
- Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET): Symbiosis International University conducts this test for admission to its undergraduate law program. It consists of sections like Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning, Analytical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension & General Knowledge
The entrance exams for admission in a 3-year L.L.B program are:
- DU L.L.B.: This exam is conducted by the Faculty of Law, Delhi University. It consists of sections like English Language and Comprehension, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Quantitative Aptitude, Analytical & Logical Reasoning, and Legal Awareness & Aptitude
- LSAT: This test is accepted by law schools for admission to their 5-year as well as 3-year programs.
- MH CET: This test is conducted for admission into the Law colleges in Maharashtra. Topics covered are Legal Aptitude, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, English and Logical & Analytical Reasoning.
- BHU L.L.B.: It is conducted by the Banaras Hindu University for admission to its 3-year L.L.B. Program. It contains sections like English Comprehension, General Awareness & Current Affairs, Aptitude & Mental Ability, and Common Legal Knowledge.
The Bar Council of India (BCI) is the regulatory body for Law education in India. BCI gives a “Certificate of Practice” to graduates after completion of their L.L.B. program.
Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most prestigious law entrance exams in India after Class XII. Approximately 45,000 students write the entrance every year to secure a seat in one of the participating National Law Universities. There are 22 NLUs that accept the CLAT score for admission to their Law program.
Additionally, there are approximately 40 colleges and universities across India that accept CLAT scores for admission to their LLB and LLM courses.
CLAT is a two-hour test and consists of 200 questions. Below are the sections covered in the test.
|Section||No. of Questions|
Scoring Pattern: Correct Answer – +1 mark; Incorrect Answer – -0.25 marks
Aspirants should have passed the 10+2 board examination from any recognized educational institution. General category aspirants need to score at least 45 percent marks whereas, SC and ST category students need to score 40 percent marks in the aggregate of the subjects.
CLAT 2019 shall be conducted in offline mode (paper and pen mode).
- English: The English section is aimed at testing the student’s proficiency in the English language. In the comprehension section, questions are centered around the theme of the passage, meanings of words, etc. The grammar section consists of incorrect grammatical sentences, fill in the blanks, etc.
- General Knowledge and Current Affairs: Questions on static general knowledge and current affairs are covered in this section.
- Mathematics/Quantitative Ability: Questions are asked from Elementary Mathematics, i.e., math syllabus covered up to 10th Class.
- Legal Aptitude: This section tests the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, create logical links and refute illogical arguments. Syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. are some of the examples.
- Logical Reasoning: This section tests the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, create logical links and refute illogical arguments. Syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. are some of the examples.
Below is the list of National Law Universities that accept CLAT scores to admit students to their five-year LLB programs.
|National Law University||Location||Intake|
|National Law School of India University||Bangalore||80|
|NALSAR University of Law||Hyderabad||120|
|National Law Institute University||Bhopal||120+|
|WB National University of Juridical Sciences||Kolkata||120+|
|National Law University||Jodhpur||115|
|Hidayatullah National Law University||Raipur||180+|
|Gujarat National Law University||Gandhinagar||180+|
|Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University||Lucknow||180|
|Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law||Patiala||190+|
|Chanakya National Law University||Patna||140|
|National University of Advanced Legal Studies||Kochi||68|
|National Law University Odisha||Cuttack||180|
|National University of Study and Research in Law||Ranchi||120|
|National Law University and Judicial Academy||Guwahati||60|
|Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University||Vishakhapatnam||120|
|Tamil Nadu National Law School||Tiruchirappalli||110|
|Maharashtra National Law University||Mumbai||60|
|Maharashtra National Law University||Nagpur||60|
|Maharashtra National Law University||Aurangabad||60|
|MP Dharmashastra National Law University||Jabalpur||120|
|Himachal Pradesh National Law University||Shimla||120|
Below is the list of private universities that have signed an MOU for using the CLAT 2019 scores:
- Shobhit University, Meerut, U.P.
- RNB Global University, Bikaner, Rajasthan
- ISBR Law College, Bangalore
- Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida
- Glocal University, Delhi
- Indore Institute of Law, Indore
- Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, Delhi
- Xavier Law School, Xavier University, Bhubaneswar
- Amity University, U.P.
- Law College Dehradun
- Alliance School of Law, Alliance University, Bangalore
- Shri Vaishnav Institute of Law, Indore
- GITAM SCHOOL OF LAW, Visakhapatnam
- Kalinga University, Naya Raipur
- ICFAI Law School, ICFAI University, Dehradun
- Asian Law College, Noida
- Siddharth Law College, Dehradun
- Aryans College of Law, Punjab
- School of Law, JIMS Engineering and Management Technical Campus, Greater Noida
- GLA University Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
- REVA University, Bangalore, Karnataka
|College||Exam accepted for Admission|
|SYMBIOSIS LAW SCHOOL-[SLS], Pune||Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)|
|INDIAN LAW SOCIETY LAW COLLEGE-[ILS], Pune||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MAH-CET)|
|SINHGAD LAW COLLEGE-[SLC], Pune||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test(MAH-CET)|
|BHARATI VIDYAPEETH NEW LAW COLLEGE-[NLC], Pune||BVP-Law Entrance Examination.|
|DECCAN EDUCATION SOCIETY NAVALMAL FIRODIA LAW COLLEGE-[NFLC], Pune||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test(MAH-CET)|
|BALAJI LAW COLLEGE-[BLC], Pune||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test(MAH-CET)|
|PADMASHREE DR. D Y PATIL COLLEGE OF LAW-[PDDPCL], Pune||DYP Aptitude Test|
|SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF LAW-[SPPU-FL], Pune||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test(MAH-CET)|