December 2019 - 1st to 5th


1. Saudi Arabia takes over G20 Presidency from Japan 

  • The G20 Presidency has been taken over by Saudi Arabia from Japan. Saudi Arabia has become the 1st Arab nation to assume the G20 presidency.
  • The Saudi G20 presidency is committed to continue the work from Osaka (Japan) and promote the multilateral consensus.
  • The G20 presidency, which Saudi Arabia has taken over from Japan, will host world leaders for a global summit in its capital Riyadh in 2020.

2. Iraq Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi Resigns

  • Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi has submitted his resignation to Parliament amid ongoing anti-government protests across the country.
  • The formal resignation came after an emergency cabinet session in which ministers approved the document and the resignation of key staffers, including Abdul Mahdi's chief of staff.
  • Barham Salih is the current President of Iraq.
  • Baghdad is the capital of Iraq.
  • The Iraqi dinar is the currency of Iraq.

3. Global Migration Film Festival organised in Dhaka

  • The Global Migration Film Festival (GMFF) was organised in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • The festival screened 15 films on the theme of "migration and its various aspects".
  • The GMFF was started in 2016 and this year it is being organised across many cities in the world.
  • The festival was organised by the International Organisation of Migrants (IOM) and Dhaka University Film Society with the support of the European Union.
  • The Global Migration Film Festival is a global initiative simultaneously being run in many countries of the world to draw attention to the issues of internal migration, forced migration and climate change-related migration to engage people in a conversation on the issue of migration.
  • 'Gifts from Babylon', 'Just another memory', 'Dying for Europe' and 'The power of passport' among the other films of the festival powerfully depicted the suffering and dilemma of the migrants in various parts of the world.
  • Chief of International Organisation of Migrants (IOM) in Bangladesh: Giorgi Gigouri.
    IOM is the UN migration agency established in 1951.

4. Pritivirajsing Roopun elected as new President of Mauritius by parliament

  • The National Assembly of Republic of Mauritius has unanimously elected Prithvirajsing Roopun, as new President of the island nation, a largely ceremonial post.
  • He was former arts and culture minister of the country. In Mauritius, Prime Minister is head of government and holds most political power while the president is head of state but has no executive role and is considered guardian of the constitution.
  • The Prime Minister of Mauritius: Pravind Kumar Jugnauth.

Proton Training Solution


1. Hallmarking to be mandatory for gold jewellery and artefacts 

  • Hallmarking of gold jewellery and artefacts will be made mandatory across the country from January 15, 2021. The step aims to ensure the purity of the precious metal.
  • The decision will make it compulsory for all the jewellers to register with the Bureau of Indian Standards and sell only hallmarked gold jewellery and artefacts.
  • A notification in this regard will be issued on January 15 2020 and the decision will come into effect after a year.
  • Gold hallmarking is a purity certification of the precious metal. It is voluntary in nature at present. The BIS is already running a hallmarking scheme for gold jewellery since April 2000.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards has formulated standards for hallmarking gold jewellery in 3 grades: 14 carat, 18 carat and 22 carat.

2. MMTC to import 11000 MT of Onions from Turkey

  • Public sector trading firm MMTC has ordered import of 11,000 metric tonnes of onions from Turkey.
  • This has been done on the directions of the Department of Consumer Affairs. The decision has been taken to moderate the rising prices of onion across the nation.

3. India becomes 1st country to make entire Haj process digital

  • India has become the 1st country to make the entire process for pilgrims going on Haj completely digital.
  • An online application, e-visa, Haj mobile app, 'e-MASIHA' health facility, "e-luggage pre-tagging" providing all information in India itself regarding accommodation and transportation in Mecca and Madina will be provided to 2 lakh Indian Muslims going for Haj in 2020.
  • Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi signed the bilateral annual Haj 2020 agreement between India and Saudi Arabia with Haj and Umrah Minister of Saudi Arabia.

4. Nationwide vaccination drive launched under Mission Indradhanush 2.0

  • The centre is launching a nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country.
  • The government's flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against 8 vaccine-preventable diseases.
  • The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and Hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas.
  • The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

5. Vice Prez M Venkaiah Naidu launches Bharatiya POSHAN Anthem

  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu launched the 'Bharatiya Poshan Anthem' in New Delhi.
    The aims towards taking the message of making India malnutrition free to all corners of the country.
  • The anthem was conceptualised by Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) and has been penned by noted lyricist Prasoon Joshi and sung by Shankar Mahadevan.

6. EC to implement Political Parties RTMS

  • The Election Commission of India will implement the political parties Registration Tracking Management System (RTMS).
  • It will be implemented through an online portal to facilitate tracking of the status of the application by applicants.
  • The Commission said, the applicant who is applying for party registration from 1st January 2020 onwards will be able to track the progress of his or her application and will get status through SMS and email.
  • Sunil Arora is the Chief Election Commissioner of India.

7. RBI keeps the repo rate unchanged at 5.15% in 5th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy

  • In its 5th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Committee meeting, the Reserve Bank of India has decided to keep the policy repo rate unchanged to 5.15%.
  • The MPC has also decided to maintain the accommodative stance of monetary policy to revive growth, while ensuring that inflation remains within the target.
  • The main decisions taken in the 5th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Committee meeting are:
  • The repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) left unchanged to 5.15%.
  • The reverse repo rate under the LAF stands same i.e. 4.90%.
  • The marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate also remains same i.e. 5.40%.
  • Governor of RBI: Shaktikant Das; Headquarters: Mumbai; Founded: 1 April 1935, Kolkata.

8. Fit India School Rating System launched as part of Fit India Campaign

  • Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' and Minister of State for Youth Affairs & Sports Kiren Rijiju has jointly launched the Fit India School Rating System.
  • The "Fit India School Rating System" has been launched as part of the Fit India Campaign.
  • The Fit India school rating system as per certain parameters is expected to enhance the image of the schools.
  • Fit India program is an innovative initiative launched by the Prime Minister to increase the awareness among the masses and to encourage people to adopt healthy lifestyle.

Proton Training Solution


1. Nagaland CM inaugurates Multi Media Exhibition 

  • Ministry of Information & Broadcasting is organising a "Multi Media Exhibition" at World War II museum, Kisama in Nagaland.
  • It has been organised to commemorate the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The event aims to present Gandhian values and principles both to the people and through the people in contemporary idiom.
  • During the event, late Natwar Thakkar was also remembered. Lt. Thakkar, is popularly known as Nagaland's Gandhi, and has invoked on Gandhiji's values and principles during his lifetime.
  • He had worked tirelessly for the poor and people affected with disability. He was also awarded the Padma Shri in 1999.
  • Nagaland CM: Neiphiu Rio, Governor: Shri R. N. Ravi.

2. Nagaland celebrates Statehood Day

  • President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi greeted the people of Nagaland on its 57th Statehood Day on 01st December 2019.
  • Nagaland, a mountainous state in northeast India bordering Myanmar, became the 16th state of the country on 01st December 1963.

3. 20th Edition of Hornbill Festival begins in Nagaland 

  • The 20th Edition of Hornbill Festival began with a colourful blend of culture and tradition with a modern twist at Naga Heritage Kisama in Nagaland.
  • The festival organised by Nagaland Government is an annual tourism promotional event to showcase the state's traditional and rich cultural heritage in all its ethnicity, diversity and grandeur.
  • The Hornbill Festival will witness the cultural performance of different tribes of Nagaland and Northeastern States, indigenous games, city tour, night carnival, art exhibition, photo-fest and many more.
  • Chief Minister of Nagaland: Neiphiu Rio; Governor of Nagaland: R N Ravi.

4. Indigenous Faith Day celebrated in Arunachal Pradesh 

  • Donyi Polo Cultural & Charitable Trust and Indigenous Faith & Cultural Society of Arunachal Pradesh celebrated 'Indigenous Faith Day' on 1st December.
  • The celebrations were held at Pasighat with religious fervour.
  • The day is celebrated to protect and promote the indigenous faith and tribal tradition to keep the ethnic identity of the local tribes.
  • Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh: Pema Khandu.
  • Governor of Arunachal Pradesh: B. D. Mishra.

5. UP govt announces 25% subsidy & full stamp duty waiver for defence industry 

  • Uttar Pradesh government has decided to provide 25 per cent subsidy and 100 per cent stamp duty waiver for setting up the defence industry in the state.
  • The state government will also provide all facilities including power, road and fencing of land to the companies that will set up defence industries.
  • UP Present CM: Yogi Adityanath, Governor: Anandiben Patel.

6. Odisha launches 'Madhu' app to help school students 

  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has launched 'Madhu' app. It is an e-learning mobile phone application which will help school students to understand their subjects in a better and most efficient way.
    The app is named after 'tkal Gourab' Madhusudan Das. The app is developed by Ganjam district administration for school students.
    Through this app, the students will be able access the video explanation of the topics they were taught in their classroom.

Proton Training Solution


1. ADB provides $206m loan to finance Tamil Nadu Urban Investment Programme 

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has agreed to advance a loan of US $206 million to develop water supply and sewerage infrastructure in Tiruchi and other cities in Tamil Nadu.
  • It will also strengthen the capacities of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) for improved service delivery.
  • The project initiatives are also expected to help the state develop the requisite ecosystem for economic growth.
  • The project will target cities namely Ambur, Tiruchirappalli, Tiruppur, and Vellore for developing sewage collection and treatment and drainage systems.
  • Improvement to water supply systems would be targeted in the cities of Madurai and Tiruppur.
  • Country Director of ADB's India Resident Mission: Kenichi Yokoyama.

2. Walmart launches credit card in partnership with HDFC Bank

  • Walmart India, in partnership with HDFC Bank, launched a co-branded credit card exclusively for members of its Best Price Modern Wholesale "B2B Cash & Carry" stores, offering "free credit up to 50 days."
  • The card is being supported by Diners Club International which has acceptance of its own membership card in 185 countries.
  • Headquarters of Walmart India: Gurgaon, Haryana.
  • President and CEO of Walmart India: Krish Iyer.

Proton Training Solution


1. Soma Roy Burman becomes new Controller General of Accounts 

  • Soma Roy Burman has assumed the charge of new Controller General of Accounts (CGA). She is the 24th CGA and the seventh woman to hold this coveted position.
  • She has replaced J P S Chawla. Prior to assuming the charge of CGA, Burman served as Additional Controller General of Accounts in the office of the CGA

2. Lt Gen P S Rajeshwar takes over as C-n-C of Andaman & Nicobar Command

  • Lt Gen Podali Shankar Rajeshwar took over as the 14th Commander-in-Chief of the Andaman & Nicobar Command (CINCAN).
  • He is a graduate of Indian Military Academy and was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery in December 1980.
  • A gunner and aviator, he is an alumnus of the Defence Services Staff College, Army War College and National Defence College in New Delhi and Philippines.
  • He has actively taken part in Operation Meghdoot and Operation Rakshak.

3. Hari Mohan takes over as Chairman, Ordnance Factory Board

  • Hari Mohan has taken over the charge as Chairman, Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).
  • He will replace Saurabh Kumar who superannuated from the services.
  • He is a 1982-batch Indian Ordnance Factories' Service (I.O.F.S.) officer with Post Graduate Degree in Mechanical Engineering.
  • Hari Mohan has contributed significantly in various positions in Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) Hardwar, Vehicle Factory Jabalpur, Engine Factory Avadi, Heavy Vehicle Factory Avadi, Ammunition Factory Khadki, Ordnance Factory Bolangir, Ordnance Factory Chanda, Ordnance Factory Dehu Road, OFB New Delhi Office and Ministry of Steel & Mines.
  • Ordnance Factory Board Founded: 1712.
  • Ordnance Factory Board Headquarters: Kolkata, West Bengal.

4. Masatsugu Asakawa elected ADB President

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) board has unanimously elected Masatsugu Asakawa as its new president.
  • He is currently a special advisor to Japan's Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, will assume office as ADB's 10th President on January 17, 2020.
  • He will succeed Takehiko Nakao, who will leave office on January 16, 2020.
  • He served as a Visiting Professor at the University of Tokyo from 2012 to 2015 and at Saitama University from 2006 to 2009.
  • ADB established: 1966, ADB is owned by 68 members.

5. Sundar Pichai promoted as Alphabet Inc. CEO

  • Sundar Pichai promoted as Alphabet Inc. CEO after Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin have announced that they are stepping down from the leadership role of the parent company Alphabet.
  • Google CEO Indian-American Sundar Pichai will be assuming the role of Alphabet Inc CEO, making him one of the most powerful corporate leaders of the world.
  • Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President and Sundar Pichai will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet.
  • Google established: 4 September 1998.
  • Headquarters: Mountain View, California, United States.

Proton Training Solution


1. Awards given for short film competition on environment 

  • The Ministry of Environment gave away awards for a short film competition on the environment. Several school students and professionals were awarded prizes for their documentaries and films by Ravi Agrawal, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment at the ceremony organised by the ministry and Centre for Media Studies (CMS).
  • Out of the 345 entries received, 90 films were nominated for screening before the Jury comprising film directors Ramesh Sippy, Rahul Rawail and Manju Borah, who selected the final awardees. The four-day green festival was inaugurated by Member of Parliament Suresh Prabhu, who chaired the Jury.

2. Tony Joseph wins 2019 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize

  • English author Tony Joseph has won the 12th 'Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize'.
    He was awarded for his 2018 book, "Early Indians: The Story of Our Ancestors and Where We Came From".
  • The award was instituted in 2008 and it carries a cash prize of Rs 2 lakh along with a trophy.
    The book tells the tale of the people of South Asia through research in six disciplines, including path-breaking new DNA evidence.

3. Lionel Messi wins Ballon d'Or for 6th time

  • Barcelona forward Lionel Messi has won the Ballon d'Or award for the world's best player for a record 6th time.
  • It is the 32-year-old Argentine's first Ballon d'Or since 2015 and comes after he scored 54 times for club and country in 2018-19, in which Barca won La Liga.
  • Virgil van Dijk was second-one of four Liverpool players in the top seven, including Sadio Mane in fourth.
  • Juventus and Portugal forward Cristiano Ronaldo, who has won the award five times, was third in the voting.

4. Mumbai Central gets first 'Eat Right Station' certification from FSSAI 

  • The Mumbai Central station of Railways was conferred with the 'Eat Right Station' certification with four stars rating by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), as a part of 'Eat Right India' movement launched last year.
    The Mumbai Central Railway Station is the country's first "Eat Right Station."
    Mumbai Central station has been judged on the basis of compliance of food safety and hygiene, availability of healthy diet, food handling at preparation, transhipment and retail/serving point, food waste management, promotion of local and seasonal food and creating awareness on food safety and healthy diet.
    The focus of the movement is on improving the health and well-being of people by ensuring they eat healthily.
    'Eat Right India' movement is built on two broad pillars of 'Eat Healthy' and 'Eat Safe'.
    It aims to engage, excite and enable citizens to improve their health and well-being.
    FSSAI founded: August 2011.
    FSSAI Act: Food and Standards Act, 2006.
    FSSAI Headquarters: New Delhi.
    FSSAI Chairperson: Rita Teaotia.
    FSSAI Chief Executive Officer: Shri Pawan Kumar Agarwal.

5. ET Lifetime of Public Service Award for Former FM (Late) Arun Jaitley 

  • Arun Jaitley former Finance Minister of India was bestowed with the Economic Times (ET) Lifetime Achievement Award for Public Service 2019.
  • The award was received by Arun Jaitley's spouse Sangeeta Jaitley.
  • Arun Jaitley was the former Finance Minister of India, he was also the Minister of Corporate Affairs from May 2014 to May 2019, Minister of Defence from March 2017 to September 2017, Minister of Information and Broadcasting from November 2014 to July 2016, Minister of Law and Justice from July 2003 to May 2004 and Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting from October 1999 to September 2000.

6. Joker' fame Joaquin Phoenix named 2019 'Person of the Year' by PETA 

  • 'Joker' fame Joaquin Rafael Phoenix, American actor from California, United States (US) has been bestowed with the PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) 'Person of the Year' Award 2019.
  • Joaquin Phoenix has been a vegan since the age of three and has been a supporter of PETA for a long time.
  • He has recently appeared in an advertisement of PETA titled "We are all animals", which was displayed in the Times Square and Sunset billboards to promote the prohibition of travelling wild-animal circuses.

7. New Zealand wins MCC's Spirit of Cricket award 

  • The New Zealand cricket team has been awarded the Christopher Martin-Jenkins Spirit of Cricket award.
  • The team has been awarded for its exemplary show of sportsmanship during the final match of the ICC World Cup at Lord's in July 2019, which it lost under controversial circumstances.
  • Martin-Jenkins was the former MCC president and BBC Test Match Special commentator.

Proton Training Solution


1. Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank signs MoU for bancassurance 

  • Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank (KVGB) and Canara, HSBC, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Life Insurance Company Ltd. signed an MoU for bancassurance (for selling life insurance products through the branches of KVGB).
  • As per the pact, KVGB will market wide range insurance products of the Canara HSBC through its 636 branches in 9 districts of Karnataka.
  • Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank founded: September 12, 2005.
  • Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank Headquarters: Dharwad, Karnataka.
  • Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank Chairman: Puttaganti Gopi Krishna.
  • Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank Sponsored by: Syndicate Bank.

2. World Bank arm IFC invests $200 million in Mahindra Finance 

  • The International Finance Corporation (IFC), a unit of the World Bank Group, has anchored an investment round of $200million in Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Limited (MMFSL).
  • Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Limited (MMFSL) is a Rural NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Company) with the objective to create a 'pool' specifically for financing micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in low-income states.
  • IFC is investing $75 million from its own account and mobilizing another $125 million as parallel loans.
  • At the same time, Mahindra Finance has committed to invest $225 million in this fund.
  • At least $ 100 million of this would be for women-owned MSMEs & it will be supported by blended finance from the IFC-Goldman Sachs' Women Entrepreneurs Opportunity Facility.
  • Formation of International Finance Corporation: July 20, 1956.
  • Headquarters of International Finance Corporation: Washington, D.C., U.S.
  • Membership of International Finance Corporation: 184 countries.
  • CEO of International Finance Corporation: Philippe Le Houérou.

Proton Training Solution


1. India-Sri Lanka joint exercise "MITRA SHAKTI" begins 

  • The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint exercise "MITRA SHAKTI" begins at Aundh Military Station, Pune.
  • It aims to build and promote positive relations between armies of both the countries focusing sub unit level training on counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations in urban and rural environment.
  • The bilateral exercise also signifies the strength of India-Sri Lanka relations in the field of military cooperation and engagement.

2. India successfully test-fires indigenously developed nuke-capable Prithvi-II missile

  • India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed surface-to-surface nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile off Odisha coast.
  • The Strategic Forces Command of the Indian Army conducted the user trial of the 350 km range missile from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.
  • The missile weighs about 4,600 kg, is capable of carrying 500 to 1000 kilograms of warheads and is thrust by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • The 9 meters tall, single-stage liquid-fueled Prithvi-II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.
  • This missile is developed under the joint collaboration of Defence Research and Development Organization and Bharat Dynamics Limited, the missile was first test-fired on 27 January 1996.
  • DRDO Chairman: G Satheesh Reddy, Established: 1958, Headquarters: New Delhi.

Proton Training Solution


1. Railways Operating ratio worst in last 10 years 

  • The Comptroller and Auditor General's report stated that the railways recorded an operating ratio of 98.44% in 2017-18.
  • The above operating ratio was the worst in the last 10 years. Operating ratio is a measure of expenditure against the revenue.
  • It shows the operating efficiency of the railway and the health of its finances.
  • An operating ratio of 98.44% shows that the Railways spent Rs 98.44 to earn Rs 100.


1. Govt launches drive to enroll 1 cr beneficiaries under two pension schemes 

  • The government has launched a drive to enroll one crore beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan (PM-SYM) and the National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons (NPS-Traders) by March next year.
  • Labour and Employment Minister Santosh Kumar Gangwar launched the drive to mark the celebrations of Pension week.
  • Stating that both the schemes are simple and hassle-free, an Aadhaar card number along with a savings bank account or Jan-Dhan account are needed for enrollments.

2. Govt launches 4th round of Regional Connectivity Scheme-UDAN

  • The government has launched the 4th round of Regional Connectivity Scheme UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) to further enhance the connectivity to remote and regional areas of the country.
    The focus in this round will be North East Region, Hilly States, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Islands.
  • The scheme was launched in October 2016, which seeks to provide connectivity to un-served and under-served regions through the revival of existing airstrips and airports.
  • UDAN scheme came under: Ministry of Civil Aviation.
  • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Civil Aviation: Hardeep Singh Puri.

3. Chief of the air Staff participates in Pacific Air Chiefs' Symposium 2019

  • Chief of the Air Staff of India is participating in the Pacific Air Chiefs' Symposium 2019 (PACS 2019) at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii.
  • The theme for this year's symposium is 'A Collaborative Approach to Regional Security'.
  • The conference will bring together Air Chiefs from across the Indo-Pacific region who will provide perspectives on common challenges faced and on shared mutual interests while focusing on relevant topics like 'Regional Security', 'Domain Awareness', 'Multi-Domain Awareness', 'Interoperability' and 'HADR'. The symposium will also entail discourse and discussions on the combined effort required to maintain peace and security within the region.
    Chief of the Air Staff: Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria.

Proton Training Solution


1. Lewis Hamilton wins Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 

  • Mercedes racer Lewis Hamilton has won the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
  • He has claimed his 84th career victory and 11th in 21 races of this year.
  • Max Verstappen of Red Bull finished 2nd in the race whie Ferrari's Charles Leclerc finished 3rd in the race.

2. 13th South Asian Games Kicked Off in Nepal

  • The 13th edition of South Asian Games has officially kicked off after the opening ceremony at Dasharath Stadium in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • The President of Nepal Bidhya Devi Bhandari declared the Games open at the three-hour programme, which showcases the rich culture and diversity of Nepal at the newly reconstructed stadium.
  • Nepal is hosting the regional sporting extravaganza for the third time from 01st to 10th December 2019 in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Janakpur.

3. Vinesh Phogat, Sakshi Malik clinch gold in Senior Wrestling National C'ships

  • Star wrestlers Vinesh Phogat and Sakshi Malik registered convincing wins in the finals to claim gold medals at the Senior Wrestling National Championships in Jalandhar, Punjab.
  • While Phogat beat 20-year-old Haryana's Anju 7-3 in the 55kg category, Olympic bronze medallist Malik defeated Radhika of Haryana 4-2 in the 62kg category.

4. 13th South Asian Games begins in Kathmandu

  • The inauguration ceremony of the 13th South Asian Games (SAG), a multi-sport event, has started at the newly constructed Dasharath Stadium in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • A cultural presentation showcasing the rich traditional heritage of Nepal. During 10 days biggest sporting event of South Asia, 2715 athletes compete for 1119 medals including 319 Gold in 26 game categories.
  • India is represented by 487 athletes. The closing ceremony will be held on 10th December.
  • President of Nepal: Bidya Devi Bhandari.
  • Vice President: Nanda Bahadur Pun.
  • Prime Minister of Nepal: KP Sharma Oli.

Proton Training Solution


1. Defence Minister addresses Armed Forces Flag Day-CSR Conclave 

  • Defence Minister addresses the Armed Forces Flag Day-CSR Conclave in New Delhi.
  • He has expressed confidence that the corporate sector will contribute generously to the welfare of ex-servicemen.
  • He said common people had generously contributed to 'Bharat Ke Veer' Fund for the bereaved families of soldiers who laid down their lives in the line of duty.
  • 'Bharat Ke Veer' Fund was established with the help of the corporate sector that assisted the families of martyred Central Armed Police Forces personnel.
  • The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Conclave was a unique initiative of the Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare, Ministry of Defence to create awareness about the challenges faced by the Ex-Servicemen and how the corporate sector can play an important part in their resettlement and rehabilitation.
  • The CSR Conclave was a first-of-its-kind event where Corporate and CSR heads were invited.
    Defence Minister of India: Rajnath Singh


Proton Training Solution


1. India's Pavilion inaugurated at International Book Fair in Mexico 

  • Minister of State for Human Resource Development Sanjay Dhotre inaugurated the India Pavilion at International Book Fair in Guadaljara, Mexico.
  • India is the 'Guest of Honour Country' in book fair and becomes the first Asian country to participate as ˜Guest of Honour' in the Fair. This fair is the biggest book fair in the Spanish-speaking world.

2. 35th anniversary of Bhopal Gas Tragedy

  • The 35th anniversary of Bhopal Gas Tragedy is being observed across the country.
  • It is one of the world's worst industrial disaster that claimed thousands of lives on the night of December 2, 1984.
  • The disaster took place in a pesticide production plant, named the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL).
  • The leak of 40 tonnes of deadly methyl isocyanate gas on the intervening night of December 2 and 3, 1984.
  • The gas cloud killed 3,787 people in and around Bhopal, according to Madhya Pradesh government's estimates.
  • However, other reports suggest the actual death tally to be anywhere between 16,000 and 30,000, and the injury count close to 500,000.

3. VP Naidu launches new Rotavirus vaccine: ROTAVAC-5D

  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu launched the new Rotavirus vaccine: ROTAVAC-5D designed and developed by Bharat Biotech in New Delhi.
  • ROTAVAC is an example of a true social innovation that was realized through a partnership between scientists from India and the USA.
  • India is firmly committed to ending morbidity and mortality in children caused due to diarrhoea by 2022.
  • The first generation, Rotavirus vaccine, ROTAVAC developed under a Public-Private Partnership with the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, has put India on the global map for setting new standards in pharmaceutical Research and Development.

4. India's first maritime museum coming up at Lothal in Gujarat

  • Government of India (GoI) & Portugal has decided to cooperate in the setting up of an India's 1st National Maritime Heritage Museum at the ancient Indian site of Lothal in Gujarat with the aim to boost the underwater or marine archaeology.
  • The Museum will showcase salvaged material from shipwreck sites in the Indian Ocean waters.
    Gujarat CM: Vijay Rupani; Governor: Acharya Dev Vrat; Capital: Gandhinagar.

Proton Training Solution


1. Veteran actor Shelley Morrison passes away 

  • Former Hollywood actress Shelley Morrison passed away recently.
  • She had a long 50-year career and was best known for playing a memorable maid from El Salvador, in the original run of œWill and Grace from 1999 to 2006, becoming part of a cast that won a Screen Actors Guild award for best ensemble in a comedy series.

2. Veteran journalist Bhaskar Menon passes away 

  • Baskar Menon, Veteran Journalist in the Press Trust of India (PTI) passes away.
  • He was the Regional Manager in the south division of the PTI.
  • He has also handled many crucial news like the assassination of former Prime Minister (PM) of India, Rajiv Gandhi in the year 1991.

Proton Training Solution