General Knowledge & Current Affairs

October 2022 -1st to 9th

  • Gujarat: PM flags off Gandhinagar-Mumbai Central Vande Bharat Express train
  •  Gujarat: PM launches phase-1 of Ahmedabad Metro rail project at Kalupur station
  •  R. Venkataramani appointed next Attorney-General (A-G) by President Droupadi Murmu for a period of three years
  •  UNESCO lists 50 iconic Indian textiles in ‘Handmade for the 21st Century: Safeguarding Traditional Indian Textile’
  • Swachh Survekshan Awards 2022: Indore named country’s cleanest city; Surat 2nd
  •  Centre extends Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act in 12 districts of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh for 6 months
  •  National Voluntary Blood Donation Day observed in India on October 1
  •  UGC frames guidelines allowing Higher Educational Institutions to create 25% seats for foreign students
  •  Southwest monsoon ends with rainfall 6% more than normal: IMD
  • Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2022 awards: Telangana first among Big States; Andaman & Nicobar first in Small States and UTs category
  •  74% rural households receive water on 7 days, 8% once a week: Jal Shakti ministry
  •  PM’s Scheme for Mentoring Young Authors – YUVA 2.0 launched; YUVA: Young, Upcoming and Versatile Authors
  •  Ajay Bhadoo appointed Dy Election Commissioner, Akash Tripathi MyGov’s CEO
  •  26 killed in an accident in Kanpur district of Uttar Pradesh
  •  Punjab Assembly passes bill to dissolve State Vigilance Commission
  •  IAF retires Srinagar-based No. 51 ‘Sword Arms’ squadron
  •  Madhav Hada awarded Bihari Puraskar of KK Birla Foundation for his 2015 literary criticism book ‘Pachrang Chola Pahar Sakhi Ri’
  • IPS officer Anish Dayal Singh takes charge as new director general (DG) of ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police)
  •  1st batch of indigenously-developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) named “Prachand” inducted into IAF (Indian Air Force) at Jodhpur, Rajasthan
  •  Punjab: CM Bhagwant Mann’s govt wins confidence motion; Congress, BJP abstain
  • Uttarakhand: 10 mountaineers of Nehru Institute of Mountaineering (NIM) killed in an avalanche in Uttarkashi district
  •  Arunachal Governor B.D. Mishra assumes additional charge as Governor of Meghalaya
  •  Amit Shah announces reservation for Pahadi community under ST category in J&K announces reservation for Pahadi community under ST category in J&K
  •  EC asks political parties to provide authentic information in their manifestoes on financial viability of poll promises
  •  President Droupadi Murmu launches ‘Her Start’, a start-up platform for women entrepreneurs created by Gujarat University, in Ahmedabad
  •  India hands over locally-made motorbikes to Lebanon as bilateral assistance
  • Himachal Pradesh: PM inaugurates AIIMS, Bilaspur, Government Hydro Engineering College, Bandla
  •  Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) renamed as Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS) by CM K. Chandrasekhar Rao
  •  Defence Minister performs ‘Shastra Pooja’ at Auli Military Station in Uttarakhand
  •  UAE’s Minister of Tolerance inaugurates Hindu temple in Dubai
  •  India’s Mars orbiter Mangalyaan dies after 6-month mission lasts eight years
  •  Arunachal Pradesh: Pilot killed in army helicopter crash near Tawang
  •  Uttarakhand: 33 killed as bus falls into gorge in Pauri Garhwal district
  • EAM S Jaishankar meets his counterpart Nanaia Mahuta in Auckland; calls on PM Jacinda Ardern
  •  Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla attends 8th Summit of Speakers of G-20 Parliaments held in Jakarta
  •  International Solar Alliance’s Fifth Assembly to be held in New Delhi on Oct 17-20
  • Centre constitutes a 9-member task force for monitoring Cheetah introduction project
  •  UPSC launches mobile app for examination, recruitment-related information
  •  Tamil Nadu Governor R N Ravi approves ordinance to regulate online gambling
  •  Veteran film, TV actor Arun Bali passes away at 79 in Mumbai
  •  India objects to US ambassador to Pakistan Donald Blome’s visit to Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK); calling it “Azad Jammu and Kashmir”
  • Indian Air Force celebrates 90th anniversary in Chandigarh
  •  New combat uniform of Indian Air Force unveiled at the Air Force Day parade in Chandigarh
  •  Government approves creation of Weapon Systems branch in Indian Air Force
  •  40,000 kg drugs destroyed in Northeast in virtual presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah
  •  Pakistani boat apprehended in Arabian Sea off Gujarat coast by Indian Coast Guard (ICG) & Gujarat Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS); heroin worth Rs 350 crore seized

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin declares annexation of 4 Ukrainian regions: Donetsk & Luhansk in east and Kherson & Zaporizhzhia in South
  •  International Translation Day celebrated on Sept 30
  •  Sabotage suspected after leaks in Russia-Europe gas pipelines
  •  Thailand’s Constitutional Court rules PM Prayuth Chan-Ocha can stay, did not exceed term limit
  • India abstains on UNSC resolution condemning Russia’s referenda and annexation in Ukraine
  •  International Day of Older Persons observed on Oct 1; theme: “Resilience of Older Persons in a Changing World”
  •  Another coup in Burkina Faso: New leader Captain Ibrahim Traore topples President Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba’s military regime
  • Russia announces withdrawal of its troops from city of Lyman in Ukraine’s Donetsk region
  •  Indonesia: 125 killed in stampede after football match in Malang city of East Java province
  • 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to Svante Pääbo of Sweden for research on evolution
  •  World Habitat Day celebrated on Oct 3; theme: “Mind the Gap. Leave No One and Place Behind”
  •  Brazil Presidential election: 2nd round to be held after no candidate gets more than 50% in 1st round; race between former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and incumbent Jair Bolsonaro
  • Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Alain Aspect (France), John F Clauser (US), Anton Zeilinger (Austria) for work on quantum science
  •  Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel given Nansen Award given by UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    World Space Week being observed from Oct 4 to 10; theme: “Space and Sustainability”
  • Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly awarded to Carolyn Bertozzi (US), Morton Meldal (Denmark) and Barry Sharpless (US) for their work on snipping molecules together, known as ‘click chemistry’
  •  World Teachers’ Day celebrated on Oct 5; theme: “The transformation of education begins with teachers”
  •  WTO slashes global 2023 global trade growth forecast to 1%, ups 2022 forecast to 3.5%
  •  Russian cosmonaut Anna Kikina launched to space from US in SpaceX flight along with 3 other astronauts
  •  Charles Fuller, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright of acclaimed ‘A Soldier’s Play’, passes away at 83
  • French author Annie Ernaux wins 2022 Nobel Prize for Literature
  •  OPEC, Russia-led allies to cut oil production by 2 million barrels per day
  •  Thailand massacre: Ex-policeman attacks day care centre, shoots dead 36 people including 24 children
  •  Mexico: At least 18 people killed as miscreants open fire in city hall in San Miguel Totolapan
  •  US’ death toll from Hurricane Ian crosses 110
  • 2022 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to human rights advocate Ales Bialiatski from Belarus, Russian human rights organisation Memorial and Ukrainian human rights organisation Center for Civil Liberties
  •  World Cotton Day celebrated on Oct 7; theme: ‘Weaving a better future for cotton’
  •  SpaceX capsule carrying Russian cosmonaut docks with ISS
  • Bridge connecting Crimean Peninsula to mainland Russia damaged in explosion
  •  World Migratory Bird Day observed on October 8
  •  Rare pink diamond sold in Hong Kong for a record price of $57.7 million, 11.15-carat diamond named Williamson Pink Star

ECONOMY & CORPORATE April 2022. Best coaching for LAW entrance

  • RBI policy: Repo rate hiked by 0.5% to 5.9%; FY23 GDP forecast cut to 7% (7.2% earlier)
  •  Card tokenisation to be implemented from October 1, no further extension signals RBI
  •  RBI categorises 16 large financial entities as upper-layer NBFCs
  •  IBBI amends norms; allows Insolvency Professional Entities to act as IPs (insolvency professionals)
  •  Centre appoints Ajay Kumar Srivastava as MD & CEO of Indian Overseas Bank
  •  Natural gas prices hiked 40%; CNG, piped cooking gas to cost more
  •  Output of eight core infrastructure sectors grew 3.3% in August — the lowest in nine months
  • PM launches 5G services at India Mobile Congress 2022 in New Delhi
  •  Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) launches Telecom Technology Development Fund scheme
  •  India’s foreign exchange reserves decline by USD 8.134 billion to USD 537.518 billion
  •  FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act) authority confirms ED’s (Enforcement Directorate) seizure order of 5,551 crore rupees against Xiaomi
  •  PFRDA observes National Pension System Diwas on October 1
  •  Aviation Turbine (ATF) price cut 4.5%, commercial LPG rates down Rs 25.5 per 19-kg cylinder
  •  Lawyer Lalit Bhasin elected new President of Indo-American Chambers of Commerce
  • Govt issues draft guidelines for RRBs (regional rural banks) listing; minimum net worth Rs 300 cr
  •  Concessional custom duty on Edible Oil import extended till March 2023 to keep domestic price under control
  •  PayU calls off USD 4.7 billion acquisition of BillDesk
  •  Suzlon Energy founder Tulsi Tanti dies at 64
  •  Switzerland 1st, India 40th in Global Innovation Index of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation)
  •  U.S. sanctions Indian petrochemical company, Mumbai-based Tibalaji, for Iran oil purchases
  • I&B Ministry again issues an advisory to media to refrain from publishing advertisements on online betting platforms
  •  India’s economy to grow 5.7% in 2022, 4.7% in 2023: UNCTAD says in its annual Trade and Development Report
  •  Vedanta founder Anil Agarwal honoured with Global Indian Award in Canada
  •  JK Tyre & Industries Chairman Raghupati Singhania receives PHDCCI lifetime achievement award for 2022 in New Delhi
  • Govt approves Rs 26,000 crore to install 25K mobile towers in 500 days; financial support from USOF (Universal Services Obligation Fund), implemented by Bharat Broadband Network
  •  3-day Digital India Conference of State IT Ministers concludes in Delhi
  •  6th edition of India Mobile Congress held in Delhi on Oct 1-4; jointly organised by DoT (Department of Telecommunications) & COAI (Cellular Operators Association of India)
  •  Govt simplifies financial eligibility norms in FM radio policy; removes 15% national cap on channel holding
  •  Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) celebrates its 54th foundation day on
  • India emerges as world’s largest producer and consumer of sugar and its second largest exporter in 2021-22 season (October-September)
  •  No charge for RuPay credit card use on UPI (Unified Payments Interface) for transactions up to Rs 2,000: NPCI (National Payments Corporation of India)
  •  Cough syrups by Indian firm potentially tied to 66 deaths in Gambia: WHO
  •  Apollo Hospitals acquires 60% stake in Ayurveda hospital chain AyurVAID
  •  Union Minister Piyush Goyal meets business delegation led by Swiss minister Guy Parmelin
  • Govt releases 7th monthly instalment of Post Devolution Revenue Deficit grant of over Rs 7183 crore to 14 states
  •  World Bank lowers India’s GDP growth forecast to 6.5% from 7.5% for 2022-23
  •  SEBI orders Brickwork Ratings India to shut down within 6 months
  •  RBI directs credit information companies to appoint internal ombudsman
  •  Silver Jubilee Celebration of QCI (Quality Council of India) held in New Delhi
  • IDBI Bank privatisation: Govt, LIC to sell 60.72% stake, invite bids
  •  RBI releases Concept Note on Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) to create awareness about Digital Rupee
  •  India’s foreign exchange reserves decline to $532.66 billion in the week ended Sept. 30
  •  A. Balasubramanian re-elected Chairman of Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI)
  •  Hero MotoCorp forays into electric segment; launches VIDA V1 e-scooter priced at Rs 1.45 lakh
  • Tamil Nadu govt promulgates Ordinance prohibiting online gambling, games
  • INDONESIA
    As many as 125 people were killed in stampede following a football match in Malang city of East Java province in Indonesia on October 2. Fans rushed onto the pitch after their home team lost. Police responded by firing tear gas causing stampede at the exits.
  • BRAZIL
    Former President leftist Luiz Inácio ‘Lula’ da Silva will face far-right incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro in in a run-off vote on 30 October after none of the candidates got 50% of votes needed to win the October 2 election outright. Lula won 47.85% of votes while Bolsonaro trailed behind with 43.7%.
  • VENEZUELA
    Venezuela has freed seven jailed Americans in exchange for the release of two relatives of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, the two countries confirmed on October 2. The swap included five American oil executives. The Americans were exchanged for two of Maduro’s wife’s nephews, who were serving 18-year sentences in the US on drug charges.
  • RUSSIA
    An explosion caused the partial collapse of the bridge linking the Crimean Peninsula with mainland Russia on October 8. Three people died. The 19-km bridge across the Kerch Strait links the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and is the longest in Europe.
  • UKRAINE
    Russia withdrew its troops from the strategic Ukrainian town of Lyman on October 1, in a move seen as a significant setback for its campaign in the east. The retreat came amid fears thousands of soldiers would be encircled in the town, Russia’s defence ministry said. Recapturing Lyman could let Ukrainian soldiers reach more contested territory in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
  • UK
    Liverpool in England was chosen to host the 2023 Eurovision Song Contest on October 8. The show will be held in United Kingdom after this year’s winner, Ukraine, was unable to take up hosting duties due to the war.
  • GERMANY
    Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel was given the Nansen Award by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees on October 4 for her efforts to welcome more than 1 million refugees mostly from Syria into Germany in 2015-2016, despite some criticism both at home and abroad.
  • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
    A roadside bomb killed three United Nations peacekeepers from Bangladesh and injured several others in the northwestern Central African Republic on October 3. The attack was close to the border with Cameroon, the peacekeeping mission MINUSCA (United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission) said.
  • GAMBIA
    A global alert has been issued over four cough syrups after the World Health Organization (WHO) warned on October 7, 2022 they could be linked to the deaths of 66 children in The Gambia. The products were manufactured by an Indian company, Maiden Pharmaceuticals.
  • BURKINA FASO
    Captain Ibrahim Traore was on October 6 appointed as president of West African nation Burkina Faso after Paul-Henri Damiba was removed in the West African country’s second military coup in less than nine months. The country plunged into political turmoil on September 30 after a group of officers decided to remove Damiba.

  • 36th National Games open at Narendra Modi Stadium in Ahmedabad
  •  St. Patrick’s School, Gumla, Jharkhand wins 61st Subroto Cup under-17 girls football tournament
  •  FIFA releases 3-episode series on Indian football captain Sunil Chhetri on its website
  •  Former cricket captain Sunil Gavaskar given SJFI medal by Sports Journalist Federation of India in Thiruvananthapuram
  •  India wins two golds at World cadets chess championship in Georgia: A. Charvi (girls’ under-8) and Shubhi Gupta (girls’ under-12)
  • USA beat China by 83-61 to win FIBA Women’s Basketball World Cup 2022 in Australia
  • Red Bull’s Sergio Perez wins Formula One Singapore Grand Prix
  •  Fit India Freedom Run 3.0 launched at Major Dhyanchand National Stadium, New Delhi
  •  Kiren Rijiju, Anurag Singh Thakur launch Fit India Freedom Run 3.0 on Gandhi Jayanti at Major Dhyanchand National Stadium, New Delhi
  •  India (237/3) defeat South Africa (221/3) by 16 runs 2nd T20I at Guwahati; take 2-0 lead in 3-match series
  • Kenya’s Amos Kipruto (2:04:39), Ethiopia’s Yalemzerf Yehualaw (2:17:25) win races at London Marathon
  •  Japan’s Yoshihito Nishioka wins men’s singles title at Korean Open tennis in Seoul
  • Shooting returns, Golf set for debut in 2026 Commonwealth Games in Australia
  •  Hockey: PR Sreejesh, Savita Punia voted FIH Men’s and Women’s Goalkeeper of the Year
  • South Africa (249/4 in 40) beat India (240/8 in 40) by 9 runs in 1st ODI at Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow
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