Gateway to NLU’s integrated law progrms
Gateway to NLU’s Integrated Law Programs
CLAT Entrance Exam 2022 Details
CLAT stands for Common Law Admissions Test. It is an all-India entrance examination conducted by the National Law Schools/Universities for admissions to their undergraduate and postgraduate degree programs (LL.B & LL.M). The responsibility of conducting the exam is rotated and given on the basis of seniority in an establishment.
There are 23 National Law Universities in India, with the National Law School of India University being the first to accept students in 1987. Out of the twenty-three NLUs, the National Law University in Delhi holds its own entrance exam, known as the All India Law Entrance Test. With the rise of other law schools that wanted to hold their admissions exams at the same time, students found it difficult to prepare for them. With the rise of additional law schools, students experienced a lot of difficulties preparing for entrance exams because they all wanted to have their admission tests at the same time. This topic has been discussed from time to time, with the goal of conducting a common admission examination to relieve students of the strain of taking several tests, but due to each law school’s autonomy, there was no central institution to coordinate activity in this respect.
Varun Bhagat brought the case to India’s attention in 2006 when he launched a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) against the Union of India and other National Law Universities in the Supreme Court of India. The Union of India was asked by the Chief Justice of India to confer with the National Law Universities in order to develop a single test. The Bar Council of India was a staunch supporter of the move.
The Ministry of Human Resources Development (Government of India) and the University Grants Commission of India convened a meeting of the Vice-Chancellors of seven National Law Universities, as well as the Chairman of the Bar Council of India, due to the lack of a central nodal authority to bring forth a consensus on the issue. After a series of similar discussions, the Vice-Chancellors of the seven National Law Universities signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on November 23, 2007, to administer a uniform admission test. CLAT was born as a result of this.
The CLAT question paper for UG courses consists of 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) based on understanding from five subjects: English Language, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques. The CLAT PG question paper includes objective and subjective questions from a variety of law areas, including constitutional law, jurisprudence, administrative law, criminal law, corporate law, and contract law, among others.
|National Law Universities||Changes/ Additions in the seat matrix|
|Maharashtra National University (MNLU), Nagpur||Candidate belonging to Socially and Educationally Backward Class (SEBC) and who has the Maharashtra Domicile ONLY is eligible to update his/her reservation category in the Application form. It is available in both UG and PG courses|
|Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU), Visakhapatnam||NRI Sponsored Category is added for both UG and PG courses. NOTE- No action is required from the applicant if he/she has already selected "YES" to the question or Do you belong to the NRI Sponsored category? in the application form, this category will be automatically applied|
|Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar||NRI Sponsored Category is added for both UG and PG courses. NOTE- No action is required from the applicant if he/she has already selected "YES" to the question ? Do you belong to the NRI Sponsored category?in the application form, this category will be automatically applied|
|The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata||NRI Sponsored Category is added for UG Course only and All India OBC category has been revoked for both the courses.|
|NOTE- No action is required from the applicant if he/she has already selected "YES" to the question ? Do you belong to the NRI Sponsored category? in the application form, this category will be automatically applied|
|Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Mumbai||Candidate belonging Economically Weaker Section (EWS) category and who has Maharashtra Domicile ONLY is eligible to update his/her reservation category in the Application form. It is available for both UG and PG courses.|
|Himachal Pradesh National Law University (HPNLU), Shimla||Candidates from BC/OBC and All India EWS category are eligible to update their reservation category in the Application form for the PG course ONLY|
|Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Aurangabad||PG course has been added to this Institution. Applicants can update their order of preferences as required|
|National Law University of Odisha (NLUO)||Eligibility Criteria for Odisha Domicile Reservation- Candidates who have passed 12th or equivalent examination from the State of Odisha and secured at least 60% marks (or its equivalent grade) in the said examination from any recognized college/university in the State of Odisha|
|Name of the exam||Common-Law Admission Test|
|Conducting body||NUSRL, Ranchi|
|Mode of exam||Offline|
|Number of questions||150|
|Question type||Multiple Choice Questions|
|Number of Applications||Around 59,000|
|Programs offered||BA LLB, B.Sc LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB, BSW LLB, and, LLM|
CLAT 2022 Eligibility Criteria
The consortium publishes the eligibility criteria for admission to 5-year LLB and LLM courses offered by the participating NLUs on its official website. These criteria cover things like academic qualifications, minimum grades, and age limits, among other things. Note that affiliate colleges may have more criteria than those listed here; thus, you should check the website of the relevant university for the most up-to-date information.
CLAT 2022 Exam Pattern
|Section||Number of Questions||Marks|
|General Knowledge with Current affairs||35-39||35-39|
NOTE- 0.25 marks (Negative Marks) will be deducted for every wrong answer
|Section||Number of Questions||Marks|
|Other Areas (Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, Family Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Property Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labor and Industrial Law)||60||60|
|Descriptive Type Questions||2 (Essay questions)||50|
NOTE- 0.25 marks (Negative Marks) will be deducted for every wrong answer
CLAT 2022 Important Dates
|CLAT 2022 notification releases||November/December 2021|
|Online registration starts||January 2022|
|Admit card releases||April/May 2022|
|CLAT 2022 exam||May/June 2022|
|Official CLAT answer key releases||June/July 2022|
|Window to raise objections||June/July 2022|
|Release of final answer key||June/July 2022|
|Declaration of CLAT 2022 result and merit list||June/July 2022|
|Commencement of counselling||July/August 2022|
CLAT 2022 Admission Process
Visit the official website of the Consortium of NLUs, œ www.consortiumofnlus.ac.in
Click on the ˜New Registration’ button
The candidate has to fill basic contact information such as Name, Mobile Number, Email ID, and create a password and confirm it
After filling all the details, click on the ˜Register’ button
After successful registration, the candidate needs to activate his account by entering a One Time Password (OT) which is auto-generated and would be sent to the registered mobile number or Email ID
Filling of application form
Personal details- Under this section, the candidate has to fill all the personal information; Full name, Gender, Date of birth, Father’s Name, Mother’s Name, Nationality, All India Category(General/OBC/SC/ST/BPL), NRI/NRI Sponsored category, if a Person with Disability (PwD) and percentage of disability (If applicable) and if the candidate wants to request the services of the scribe. All this information needs to be filled and checked properly
Communication Details- Fill the address, state, district, and pin-code of correspondence. If the current address and permanent address are different then enter the details of permanent address, state, district, and pin-code
Course Selection- A candidate has to choose a course between Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG).
Academic Qualifications- According to the course, the candidate should fill the details of Qualifying examination, Name of Board/University, Exam status (Passed/Appearing/Appeared), Percentage, and Year of passing
If the Candidate requires previous years’ question papers. (Extra charges applied)
The candidate can select the City preferences for the CLAT examination
Before submitting the above-filled information the candidate can preview the form to verify all the details and then submit the form
Once the form is submitted the candidate has to mark a list of NLUs according to his/her preference from Most preferred NLU to the least preferred NLUs
Uploading of documents
In this step photograph, signature and state of domicile certificate have to be uploaded in the prescribed specification; refer the table below.
|Document||Image size (maximum)|
|State of domicile certificate||2 MB|
CLAT Application Fees
|SC/ST Category||INR 3500|
NOTE- INR 500 extra for purchasing previous year
Syllabus for CLAT 2022
The first step toward effective exam preparation is to properly review the CLAT exam pattern and curriculum. The more familiar a candidate is with the number, kind, and character of questions, the more confidently he or she can attempt the CLAT paper.
CLAT (UG) is administered in a paper-and-pencil format. There are a total of 150 questions worth 150 points that candidates must answer in two hours. The exam consists of comprehension-based objective-type questions.
The CLAT pattern for the LLM includes both objective and subjective questions from several law disciplines. The Consortium, however, eliminated the descriptive part from the exam in 2021. In total, there were 120 objective questions in the exam, which candidates had to complete in 120 minutes.
|Verbal Ability||Quantitative Ability||Logical ReasoninG||General Knowledge and Current affairs||Legal Aptitude|
|Comprehension passages||Algebra||Analytical Skills||Contemporary events of significance in India and around the world||Study of law|
|Grammar||Profit and loss||Inferring the information from the passage and applying it to other facts and situations||Static General Knowledge||Research aptitude|
|Synonyms and Antonyms||Time and work||Analyze the patterns and forming a chain of arguments||Historical events||Problem tackling ability|
|Erroneous Statements||Average, speed and distance||Events related to Arts and Culture||Questions based on hypothetical situations|
|Fill in the blanks with appropriate words||permutation-combination and venn diagrams|
- Constitutional Law
- Law of Torts
- Intellectual Property Law
- Law of Contracts
- Criminal Law
- Administrative Law
- Family Law
- Company Law
- Tax Law
- Environmental Law
- Labor and Industrial Law
- Public International Law
CLAT preparation tips for English Section
- The degree of difficulty of the questions in this section is the same as in Class 12 English.
- Important areas to study for this section include vocabulary, antonyms/synonyms, reading comprehension, grammar, idioms, and phrases.
- Make it a habit to read the editorial pages of reputable newspapers like The Hindu.
- Daily practice with grammatical questions will help you master the fundamentals.
CLAT preparation tips for Current Affairs including GK
- Regularly read newspapers and publications such as The Chronicles and Outlook India to stay up to date on all the latest news and events.
- Keep track of all significant legal decisions.
- Concentrate more on history and art & culture issues in GK.
CLAT preparation tips for Legal Reasoning
- Reading newspapers and blogs about static and current legal topics might help you improve your reading and analytical skills.
- You can also read newspaper and magazine essays written by some of India’s most well-known lawyers.
- Every day, practice a Legal Reasoning passage.
- Allowing your preconceptions or prior knowledge of the law to influence your answer when practicing is not a good idea. Remember that the answer to the question can only be found in the passage.
CLAT preparation tips for Logical Reasoning
- Relationships, Analogies, Logical Sequences, and Arguments are just a few of the crucial topics to study for this part.
- Shortcuts for solving Logical Reasoning questions can be quite beneficial.
- Identify the premises and groups of arguments before attempting the passage.
- Every day, practice at least one logical reasoning passage.
CLAT preparation tips for Mathematics
- The level of difficulty of the problems in this part is the same as in Class 10 Maths.
- To master the section, you must understand all of the concepts in the Class 10 Maths syllabus conceptually.
- Basic Algebra, Ratios and Proportions, Mensuration, and Statistics are all important topics to study for this section.
- Learning how to solve problems quickly will help you in this part as well.
CLAT 2022 Admit Card
The Consortium of NLUs had declared the exam calendar of CLAT 2022 in the last week of December but because of the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19, all the dates had to be postponed accordingly.
|Release Date of Admit Card||To be Notified|
|Mode of disclosure of Admit Card||The online mode only.|
- Log on to the official website of the CLAT Consortium of NLUs, www.consortiumofnlus.ac.in
- The candidate can log in into his/her account by entering the mobile number and password which was used to fill the Application form
- Once the candidate has logged in, there will be an option on the dashboard itself.
- Click on the ˜Download Admit Card' button
- The candidate gets a preview option of the Admit card, verify and ensure all the details like Name of the candidate, examination center, registration number, etc
- Download at least 2-3 copies of admit card on an A4 size paper and sign the Admit card to validate it
- The candidate has to carry the admit card to the examination center
CLAT 2022 Answer Keys
CLAT 2022 Result
- Visit the official website of the CLAT Consortium , www.consortiumofnlus.ac.in
- Log into the account by filling your registration details and password
- On successful registration, the result link will be flashed on the dashboard only
- Check your CLAT score, rank, and qualifying status
- Download the CLAT Score Card and take printouts of the result sheet
CLAT 2022 Cut Off
National University of Study and research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi will declare the cut-offs after the announcement of results. The experts will declare the estimated cut-offs after analyzing the paper on the examination day itself. Cut-offs are the minimum marks or the least rank at which the candidates are offered seats for admission. Cut-offs are dependent on various parameters such as difficulty level of the exams, total intake of NLUs, and other colleges accepting CLAT and the number of applicants.
Due to some major changes in the exam pattern this year like reduction in the number of questions to 150 from 200 the cut-offs are expected to go high. However, comprehension based questions are going to be included this year which will reduce the level of difficulty of the exam. This changed/new exam pattern was introduced in the month of January 2020 so the candidates have less time to get acquired with this new exam pattern which makes the prediction of cut-offs more difficult. CLAT Consortium will declare the cut-offs for three rounds of Counselling procedure separately and the candidates who have scored less than the cut-offs of Round-1 can take part in the Round-2 and subsequently
|Registration for Exams Start||1st January 2022|
|Last Date to submit Application Form||15th June 2022|
|Admit Card Download||1st Week July 2022 (July)|
|Exam Date||23rd July 2022|
|Result Date||27th July 2022|
The CLAT Consortium will release the First Seat Allocation List of limited students from all the categories who will be allotted seats in the NLUs depending on their ranks and scores and the allotted students have to deposit the counseling fees of INR 50,000 in a specific period mentioned by the CLAT Consortium.
If any student fails to pay the above- mentioned amount in the time specified by CLAT Consortium then his/her name would be removed from the list and that candidate would not be considered for further admission process
The candidates can exercise these options after paying the counseling fees-
1.Lock:- This option can be used by the candidates to fix the seats in the allocated NLUs by the CLAT Consortium on the list. After choosing the lock option their seat will be frozen in the NLU and won’t be included in the next rounds of admission
2.Upgrade:- If the students wish to upgrade the seat allotted to them by the CLAT Consortium in the next rounds of admission process then they can exercise this option and wait for allotment of better seats in the desired NLU in subsequent rounds of the admission process
3.Withdrawal:- The candidate can exercise this option simply by not depositing the counseling fees in the specified time frame. The name of the candidates will be dropped from the merit list and students lose their right to consideration in the admission process of CLAT
The CLAT Consortium will deduct a nominal fee of INR 10,000 and refund the remaining fees to the registered bank accounts of the candidate
The CLAT Consortium will release the Second Seat Allocation List of the students of all categories including the students who chose the Upgrade option in the first round of selection.
The Consortium will also release a waitlist of students who are provisionally selected in the place of students who will withdraw from the admission process
The candidates who are allotted the seats in the second list have to deposit the counseling fees of INR 50,000 in the specified time frame
After depositing the counseling fees the entire process is repeated as the first round
The CLAT Consortium will release the Third Seat Allocation List of the students of all categories including the students who chose the Upgrade option in the second round of selection.
The Consortium will release a waitlist of students who are provisionally selected in the place of the students who will withdraw from the admission process
The candidates have to deposit the counseling fees with the CLAT Consortium and fix their seats in the allocated NLU
After the students are allotted seats in the respective NLUs, they are required to inform the allotted NLUs and confirm their seats and complete the admission process
The candidates have to produce all the documents with the NLU for the verification and all the universities verify the original documents issued by the competent authorities
The admission of the students will be cancelled if he/she fails to produce the required documents/certificates or to meet the eligibility criteria
- CLAT 2022 Application Form
- CLAT 2022 Admit Card
- CLAT 2022 Score Card
- Receipt of Payment of Counseling Fees
- Class 10th Marksheet and Passing Certificate
- Class 12th Marksheet and Passing Certificate
- Caste/Tribe Certificate. (If applicable)
- Caste/Tribe Validity Certificate. (If applicable)
- Domicile Certificate. (If applicable)
- Specially-Abled Certificate. (If applicable)
- NRI Certificate. (If applicable)
- NRI Sponsored Certificate. (If applicable)