Careers after law
Law is one of the most popular and esteemed career choices in India these days. Below is the list of a varied skill set that students are exposed to during the course –
Students can choose to specialize in any of the following – Patent Law, Corporate Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, etc. Different specializations open varied career options like Corporate Management, Legal Services, Administrative Services, etc.
Criminal Lawyer: Specializes in criminal laws.
Civil Litigation Lawyer: Specializes in civil laws e.g. taxation laws, excise laws.
Legal Analyst: Works for corporate firms or law firms, offers legal advice to organizations
Document Drafting Lawyer: Specializes in drafting a variety of documents like agreements, terms, and conditions, case material, etc.
Legal Journalist: Specializes in covering legal proceedings in courts, and other newsworthy information like crime beats, etc.
Government Lawyer: Works for the government, coordinates with the police department.
Judge: Offers judgment after conducting the court proceedings.
- Amarchand Mangaldas
- AZB & Partners
- J Sagar Associates
- Khaitan & Co.
- Luthra & Luthra
- Desai & Diwanji
- Singhania & Partners
- Titus & Co
India is a country with one of the highest litigation rates. Therefore, lawyers will never have to worry about income.
One can get a stipend of Rs 5000 to Rs 40,000 depending upon the advocate one is associated with. A law graduate working with Legal Process Outsourcing can earn a monthly salary between Rs 20,000 to Rs 50,000.
Law graduates can work in all the three domains of the Government; the Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary. Which is why they say that Law degree can open the doors to a variety of careers.
The Analytical ability, problem-solving tools, communication, and research skills learned in this course can be applied in many careers like management, town planning, consultancy, etc. There are roles where legal knowledge is particularly useful – such as HR or tax advisory work.
The traditional career path after completion of the LLB course is to practice law in the court. But In order to practice law in India, the Law graduates must qualify a Bar Exam.
The Bar Council of India (BCI) is the regulatory body for Law education in India. BCI gives a “Certificate of Practice” to the Law graduates.
Litigation offers a wide range of employment opportunities in both the private and public sectors. One can either specialize in a particular field of law such as Taxation, Family, etc. or pursue appellate work, trial-level practice, civil litigation or criminal cases.
Large corporate entities require in-house legal counsel, who can assist and advice on legal matters related to its business. An in-house counsel’s job is to draft, assess, scrutinize and negotiate contracts and handle legal disputes. He must ensure that all documents follow corporate laws.
Multi-National Corporations, Private companies, Private Banks, etc. hire lawyers in-house.
Government Agencies, Public Sector Undertakings, Public and Nationalized banks, etc. hire lawyers via competitive exams.
These are business entities that comprise several independent lawyers working together as one firm. They generally offer legal services to corporate clients, handle their legal proceedings, disputes, etc.
There are plenty of socio-legal causes that NGOs take up. Law Graduates can work with such NGOs and Civil Society Organizations. The issues are generally based on environmental protection, gender equality, employment, working conditions, marginalization of various sections of the society, etc.
International organizations such as the United Nations and International tribunals like the International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, etc. also offer employment opportunities.
For a stable government job, one can appear for the State Judicial Services Examination organized by the High Courts. Union Public Service Commission also conducts the Civil Services Examination for various posts such as IAS, IPS etc. This exam is the most prestigious examination in the country.
Many a time, MNCs/ large Law firms delegate some core legal functions like creating first drafts of cases, compliance work, legal research, etc. to an external counsel. Terms and conditions, parameters and timelines are set, and work is submitted accordingly. Law graduates can pursue a career in a Legal Process Outsourcing firm.
One can always pursue a career in Teaching in Law colleges. Teaching career lets graduates work on research projects and offers flexibility.
A judicial clerkship provides invaluable insights into the workings of the legal system. It gives immense experience to students interested in either litigation or transactional work.
A career in Media and Law requires precise research and writing skills as well as a critical knowledge of the government and the legal system. Legal journalism covers legal proceedings in courts, arbitration events, criminal matters, etc. All this complex information is then broadcasted to the general public in simple terms.
For those lawyers who are inclined towards writing, they can work as Editors for print and electronic media. These days, there are many opportunities in this field.
As a law reporter with TV channels and newspapers, lawyers have to cover different high-profile cases, concerns related to social issues and human rights etc. This is one of the most upcoming fields.